Cleanliness & Personal Hygiene

Livestrong.com
Cleanliness & Personal Hygiene

bath things image by Wayne Abraham from Fotolia.com

Overview

Personal cleanliness and good hygiene practices are essential for health and social reasons. People who are perceived as unclean are often ostracized by others. Healthy hygiene habits should be practiced daily. It is important for parents to teach and model these skills to their children. Healthy habits instilled in childhood often follow children into adulthood.

Hand Washing

Frequent hand washing reduces the spread of germs, bacteria and food-borne illness. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, you should wet your hands with warm, running water. Apply soap and lather for at least 20 seconds, making sure to clean fingers, fingernails, cuticles, palms and wrists. Rinse thoroughly and dry with a fresh paper towel or an air dryer. You should always wash your hands before handling or eating food; after trips to the restroom; after handling animals; before and after changing a diaper or handling a small child; after handling garbage or other dirty objects; before and after contact with a sick person; and after blowing your nose, sneezing or coughing.

Bathing

Regular bathing reduces body odor and can help control skin problems like acne. The Mayo Clinic recommends bathing daily to reduce the bacteria that contribute to body odor, particularly in the armpits and on the feet. Personal preference and resources determine whether you should take a bath or shower, though if you are heavily soiled it is best to shower rather than wash with dirty bathwater. Wash your hair as frequently as needed based on your hair type. Dry yourself thoroughly after bathing to prevent bacteria growth.

Oral Hygiene

Proper oral hygiene is crucial in reducing and preventing problems of the mouth and gums like plaque, cavities, gingivitis, tartar and bad breath. Brush your teeth at least twice per day and floss once per day. Your dentist can assess problem areas in your mouth and recommend special methods or products you may need.

Grooming

Grooming is the act of making yourself presentable to others. At its most basic level, grooming includes keeping your body, teeth, clothes, hair and nails clean and preventing body odor by using antiperspirant and deodorant. More advanced grooming practices may also include hair styling, makeup, moisturizers, manicures, pedicures, nail polish, personal fragrance, hair removal and more.

Home and Clothing

A sanitary home environment and clean clothes are important aspects of overall personal cleanliness. Wash your clothes regularly to remove odors. Treat stains as soon as they occur, and iron when needed to remove wrinkles.

Keeping your home clean reduces bacteria, helps prevent insects and contributes to overall well-being. Housecleaning basics include properly disposing of garbage, washing dirty dishes, and cleaning floors regularly. Wash sheets and bedding at least twice a month.

Read more: http://www.livestrong.com/article/180225-cleanliness-personal-hygiene/#ixzz1IVDBCBQO

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